The city hosting the Translation Forum Russia 2018 is Ekaterinburg. It´s a densely populated city with rich history; the centre of the Urals which, thanks to A.T. Tvardovsky’s words, bears a short, but suitable name – Country’s Supporting Region.
Ekaterinburg owes its appearance to Peter I who wanted to launch manufacturing on the banks of the Iset River. The fortress was named after the Emperor’s wife, Catherine I. But it was Catherine II who ordered to nominate a factory settlement as a city and to start the Siberian Route from here – this became the main state’s highway. A remarkable fact is that Ekaterinburg is 20 years younger than Saint Petersburg, another Peter’s creation, and in 2023 the city is celebrating its 300th anniversary.
The city is situated near the border between Europe and Asia which crosses the territory of Sverdlovsk Oblast. However, Ekaterinburg is entirely located on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains.
The city was given a title of a city with population exceeding one million as far back as in 1967. Since that time the number of residents has always exceeded this important benchmark. And though, it is believed that the city gives place of residence to 1.6 million people at most taking into account all the unregistered citizens, the real total population is much bigger. The thing is that nobody has ever tried to keep an accurate account of them all.
In Ekaterinburg there are a lot of educational institutions, and besides, in recent years there have appeared many branches of universities and colleges based in other cities. The most popularhigher education institution is the Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin. The university was founded in 2009 by merging of two leading universities in the city – A.M. Gorky Ural State University and the Ural State Technical University. Close to the university there is Vtuzgorodok. It’s a neighborhoodwhere almost all the buildings are student dormitories of Stalinist style.
Ekaterinburg holds the third place in terms of the number of foreign representative bodies – it is after Moscow and Saint Peresburg but ahead of Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.
Initially Ekaterinburg was meant to be an industrial center, and it still preserves this status. There are over 200 factories of heavy machine building, tank building, instrument engineering, metallurgy and chemical industry. The most famous of them are:
The Ural Heavy Machine Building Plant;
Kalinin Machine-Building Plant;
The Ural Transport Machine Building Plant;
The Ural Instrument Engineering Plant;
The Ural Electromechanical Plant;
“Russian Gems” Jewelry Factory;
The Verh-Isetsky Metallurgical Plant (VIZ);
The Ural Roofing Materials Plant (UZKM);
The Uralplactics Plant.
Some of Ekaterinburg’s Sightseeings
Plotinka is the main sightseeing of the city which is located in the downtown. There is a big stone in front of it – it’s a peculiar kind of monument which every Ekaterinburg visitor finds it necessary to mark somehow. However, all the inscriptions are properly erased when great holidays come. Therefore, it turns out to be impossible to read messages made several years ago. The damb was built in the Soviet times. Before the Revolution at this spot there was a plain, wooden bridge over the Iset River.
In the center of the city there is a skyscraper with an observation platform on its top.
The Cathedral On Blood is built on the site where the last tsar of Russia and his family were killed in 1918. There was merchant Ipatiev’s house before where the bloody tragedy occurred but the wooden house was later demolished.
Sevastyanov’s House is an architectural monument. It’s located on the edge of the city pond.